Burj Dubai Overview
The Burj Dubai, known as the Burj Khalifa since its inauguration is the tallest man-made structure ever built. As you can see from the above Dubai Pictures, this building is a sight to behold.
At 828 m (2,717 ft) construction began on 21 September 2004 and the building officially opened on 4 January 2010 with a total project costing approximately US $1.5 billion. The decision to build the Burj Dubai is reportedly based on the governments decision to diversify from an oil based economy to a more service and tourism and international business oriented economy.
The completion of the project coincided with the global financial crisis of 2007–2010 and vast over capitilsation in the country, leading to high vacancies and foreclosures throughout the city. With Dubai in debt, the government was forced to seek multi billion dollar bailouts from its oil rich neighbor Abu Dhabi, the capital of the UAE. Subsequently, in a surprise move at its opening ceremony, the tower was renamed Burj Khalifa, said to honor the UAE President, Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan for his crucial financial support.
The Burj Dubai has been designed to be the centerpiece of a large-scale, mixed-use development that will eventually include 30,000 residences, nine hotels such as The Address Downtown Dubai, 3 hectares (7.4 acres) of parkland, at least 19 residential towers, the Dubai Mall and the 12-hectare (30-acre) man-made Burj Khalifa Lake.
A 304 room Armani Hotel, the first of four by Armani, occupies 15 of the lower 39 floors. Floors 55 through to 108 houses 900 private residential apartments (which, according to the developer, sold out within eight hours of being on the market). An outdoor swimming pool is located on the 76th floor of the tower. Corporate offices and suites fill most of the remaining floors, except for a 122nd, 123rd and 124th floor where the Atmosphere restaurant, sky lobby and an indoor and outdoor observation deck are located respectively.
At the base of Burj Dubai, and built at a cost of Dh 800 million (US$217 million), a record setting water fountain was installed. Illuminated by 6,600 lights and 50 colored projectors, the fountain is 275 m (902 ft) long and shoots water 150 m (490 ft) into the air. The fountain water is choreographed to “dance” to a mix of classical, contemporary and Arabic musical pieces and is a sight to behold.
The Burj Dubai features an outdoor observation deck, named At the Top. It is the second highest observation deck in the world and the highest outdoor observation deck in the world, at 452 m (1,483 ft). The observation deck features the Behold Telescope, an augmented reality device, which allows visitors to view the surrounding landscape in real-time, and to view previously saved images such as those taken at different times of day or under different weather conditions.
Burj Dubai facts:
- Houses the highest occupied floor in the world: 160th floor
- World’s highest elevator installation, situated inside a rod at the very top of the building
- A total of 57 elevators are installed
- World’s fastest elevators at speed of 64 km/h (40 mph) or 18 m/s (59ft/s)
- Highest vertical concrete pumping (for a building): 606 m (1,988 ft)
- The first world’s tallest structure in history to include residential space
- World’s highest mosque (located on the 158th floor)
- World’s highest installation of an aluminum and glass facade, at a height of 512 m (1,680 ft)
- World’s highest swimming pool (76th floor)
- World’s highest nightclub (144th floor)
- World’s highest restaurant located on 122nd floor at the height of 442m (1,450 ft)
- World’s highest New Year fireworks display in the world
- Can hold up to 35,000 people at any one time