Geography

Dubai is situated on the northeast of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). It shares borders with two other Emirates – Abu Dhabi, Sharjah as well as the Sultanate of Oman. The entire western coastline of Dubai is located on the Persian Gulf.  The city lies approximately 16 meters above sea level and it covers around 4,000 square kilometers of land.

The city of Dubai lies in the Arabian Desert however the Dubai geography and topography is considerably different from the southern parts of the United Arab Emirates. Most of the landscape of Dubai is sand desert unlike the gravel deserts that cover much of the immediate regions to the south. The white sand in the Dubai desert is clean and consists of finely crushed corals and shells. A look at Dubai geography will show that the larger sand dunes can be found further to the east, where the sand has a red tinge due to the iron oxide content.

The leveled, sandy Dubai desert leads to the Western Hajar Mountains that is along the border separating Dubai with Hatta and Oman. These rough mountains form a jagged landscape rising in some parts to over 1,000 meters high. While Dubai geography does not feature any natural oasis or rivers, the foot of this mountain range has several waterholes and gorges. The south of Dubai is a vast region of sand dunes that give way to the famous desert called “The Empty Quarter”. According to experts, Dubai is free from any seismic activities and tsunamis are also highly unlikely because the waters of the Persian Gulf are too shallow to cause them.

The Dubai desert has wild grasses and some date palm trees. Some trees grow in the flat plains near the Western Al Hajar Mountains. Several native trees such as the date palm, neem and imported plants like the eucalyptus grow in Dubai’s’ natural parks. Also, animals such as the houbara bustard, desert fox, Arabian Oryx and falcon are common in the desert of Dubai.

The central Dubai creek runs northeast to southwest all the way through the city. The east part of the city is Deira which is flanked by another Emirate of the UAE, Sharjah. The east and the west sections of Dubai are linked by the Al Maktoum Bridge, Al Garhoud Bridge and Al Shindagha tunnel.